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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • Although the full contact details of the authors have to be entered at the time of registration on the site, they must not appear in the submitted texts in order to guarantee blind evaluation.

Author Guidelines

These recommendations may be amended without prior notice by the journal's editorial board.

Management & Prospective examines all proposals for articles on management-related subjects (corporate strategy, marketing, finance, human resources, production, international trade, etc.).
The two languages accepted are French and English.

Articles must be written in such a way as to be accessible to all (whether or not they are specialists in a discipline or method) and written in a rigorous manner in compliance with scientific standards (quality and up-to-date state of the art, robust methodology, etc.) .
All submitted articles are evaluated blind by two academic experts.

Current presentation standards must be strictly adhered to (see "Presentation standards"). Texts that do not comply with procedure and form will not be submitted for evaluation. Articles must not include appendices: tables, diagrams, images, etc. These must be inserted in the text.

Any article submitted by an author automatically implies their agreement for their text to be published in its two versions: English and French.


  • The first page should include :
       ○ the title of the article in French and English;
       ○ a summary of around twelve lines in French and English,
       ○ 5 to 7 key words in French and English.
  • Double-spaced articles should be between 30,000 and 45,000 characters without spaces (see the counter provided by MS Word, for example).
  • Articles should be written in A4 format. Margins should be 3 cm (top, bottom, left and right). Paragraphs should be justified and the document should be paginated (bottom right in the footer).
  • Tables, diagrams, images, etc. must be numbered in ascending order (Table 1, Table 2, etc. Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.) and independent of the titles and subtitles in which they are inserted. They must be preceded by a short title and the source if they are borrowed.
  • Notes, which should be used sparingly, should be placed at the bottom of each page in the order 1,2,3,...
  • Appendices should be limited to a maximum of five pages.
  • The body of the text must not contain any bold, italic or underlined characters.
  • There will be only two levels of hierarchy in the body of the text: headings and sub-headings. A line break must precede and follow each heading or subheading.

The parts of the text follow a simple numerical numbering system:

  • The introduction and conclusion are considered to be headings and are numbered.


Name(s) of author(s): ARIAL 14 in bold
Article title: ARIAL 16 in bold, framed
Article body: ARIAL 12

Introductory title: ARIAL 14 in bold, not underlined.

Heading 1: ARIAL 14 in bold, underlined
Heading 1.1: ARIAL 12 bold, underlined
Title of conclusion: ARIAL 14 bold, underlined
Title of bibliography: ARIAL 14 bold, underlined
Summary and Abstract / keywords :

  • Title in ARIAL 14 bold, boxed
  • Content in ARIAL 12
  • Keywords in ARIAL 12


References to bibliographical sources must be cited in the body of the text (and not as footnotes) as follows: (Dupont and Duval, 1995; Hamon, 2002; Bouquin, 2003). When the reference includes more than two authors, only the first will be mentioned followed by "et al" in italics: (Dupont et al., 2003). When several references are cited together in the text, they should be ordered chronologically: (Smith, 1986, 1989; Anderson and Smith, 1990a, 1990b; Anderson et al., 1995, p. 250-282). On the other hand, in the bibliography, the same reference will appear with all the authors' names.

As a general rule, priority should be given to recent publications in management, even if older references may be used if they seem essential, or if they shed historical light and the theses they state remain valid.
The layout of the bibliography should follow APA standards.

The following are extracts from this guide (consulted on 05/10/2018):

1. Articles
   1.1 Periodical article (paper)

Author, A. A., Author, B. B. and Author, C. C. (year). Title of article. Title of periodical, volume(number), start page - end page.
Rousseau, F. L. and Vallerand, R. J. (2003). Le rôle de la passion dans le bien-être subjectif des ainés. Revue québécoise de psychologie, 24(3), 197-211.

   1.2 Online article with DOI (Digital Object Identifier)
APA now accepts the following two forms for references with DOI.
Gagnon, L., Peretz, I. and Fulop, T. (2009). Musical structural determinants of emotional judgments in dementia of the Alzheimer type. Neuropsychology, 23(1), 90-97. doi: 10.1037/a0013790


Gagnon, L., Peretz, I. and Fulop, T. (2009). Musical structural determinants of emotional judgments in dementia of the Alzheimer type. Neuropsychology, 23(1), 90-97.
[Modification to the rules concerning how to register the DOI].

   1.3 Online article without DOI

Dupuis, F., Johnston, K. M., Lavoie, M., Lepore, F. and Lassonde, M. (2000). Concussions in athletes produce brain dysfunction as revealed by event-related potentials. NeuroReport, 11(18), 4087-4092. Retrieved from

   1.4 Article with more than 7 authors

Adolphs, R., Tranel, D., Hamann, S., Young, A. W., Calder, A. J., Phelps, E. A., . . Damasio, A. R. (1999). Recognition of facial emotion in nine individuals with bilateral amygdala damage. Neuropsychologia, 37(10), 1111-1117.
Rule : Up to 7 authors, mention all authors' names in the reference. For 8 or more authors, give the first 6, followed by a suspension point ( . . . ) and then the last author cited (rule 7.01, p. 198).

   1.5 Article submitted, pre-publication, in press

Article submitted for publication, not available online (i.e. before review by the "preprint" reading committee)
Rouleau, N. (2014). Clinical manifestations of attentional dysfunction in children. Manuscript submitted for publication.

Article accepted for publication, not available online (i.e. after review by the "in press" reading committee).
Rouleau, N. (in press). Clinical manifestations of attentional dysfunction in children. Revue québécoise de psychologie.

Article submitted for publication, available online (i.e. before review by the "preprint" reading committee).
Brisco, R. (2009). Egocentric spatial representation in action and perception. Philosophy and Phenomenological Review. Manuscript submitted for publication. Found in the Papyrus institutional repository:

2. Books, chapters, reports, government publications

   2.1 Book

Author, A. A. (year). Title of book (xth ed., vol. x). Place of publication: Publishing house.
Ladouceur, R., Marchand, A. and Boisvert, J.-M. (1999). Les troubles anxieux : approche cognitive et comportementale. Montréal, Québec: Gaëtan Morin.
Lebovici, S., Diatkine, R. and Soulé, M. (2004). Nouveau traité de psychiatrie de l'enfant et de l'adolescent (2nd ed., vol. 4). Paris, France: Presses universitaires de France.

   2.2 Book (edited by)

Golse, B. (ed.). 2015. Le développement affectif et cognitif de l'enfant (5th ed.). Issy-les-Moulineaux, France: Elsevier Masson.
Note: (dir.) may be used in the author position to specify the role of scientific director. This is particularly useful for lightening the references of works with a long list of contributors, often with varying levels of responsibility (technical revision, correction, formatting, etc.).

   2.3 DSM (Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders)

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders DSM-5 (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.

American Psychiatric Association. (2003). DSM-IV-TR: diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th rev. ed.; translated by J.-D. Guelfi and M.-A. Crocq). Paris, France: Masson.
Source :
How to Cite the DSM in APA Style
How to Cite the DSM-5 in APA Style

   2.4 Book (French translation)

For translated books, the original author of the work is cited in combination with the title, date of publication and publisher of the translation. The edition (if applicable) and any disclaimers relating to the translation or adaptation are given in brackets after the title.

Author, A. A. (year). Book title (xth ed., vol. x; translated by A. Translator). Place of publication: Publishing house.
Pervin, L. A. and John, O. P. (2005). Personality: Theory and research (adapted by L. Nadeau, D. Acier and D. Miranda; translated by S. Dupont and L. Lepage). Montréal, Québec: ERPI.
Berg, J. M., Tymoczko, J. L. and Stryer, L. (2008). Biochemistry (6th ed.; translated by M. Darmon). Paris, France: Médecine-Sciences Flammarion.

   2.5 Chapter

Author, A. A. (year). Chapter title. In A. Director and B. Directeur (dir.), Book title (xth ed., vol. x, p. xx-yy). Place of publication: Publishing house.
Chouchena, O., Soulé, M. and Noël, J. (2004). Les grands-parents dans la dynamique normale ou pathologique des enfants. In S. Lebovici, R. Diatkine and M. Soulé (Eds.), Nouveau traité de psychiatrie de l'enfant et de l'adolescent (2nd ed., vol. 4, pp. 2633-2660). Paris, France: Presses universitaires de France.

Note: APA allows "chapters" to be cited only when these chapters have been signed by different authors and published under the supervision of a scientific director. When chapters are not individually signed, the general form for books (2.1.) should be used instead. It is then possible to specify, in the citation, the page from which the idea or extract comes. E.g. (Pervin and John, 2005, p. 56)

   2.6 Serial monographs

There does not appear to be a specific model for serial monographs in the 6th edition. The proposed model is based on the information provided in the 5th edition, p. 244.

Serial monographs are cited in the same way as periodical articles, adding, if necessary, the serial number in the final parenthesis.

Eisenberg, N., Smetana, J. G. and Darling, N. (2008). Understanding mother-adolescent conflict discussions: Concurrent and across-time prediction from youths' dispositions and parenting. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 73(2, Series no. 290).

   2.7 Research reports

In general, a research report is cited in the same way as a book, with the following distinction: if the report has a specific number, enter this number in brackets immediately after the title.

Palacio-Quintin, E. and Coderre, R. (1999). Les services de garde à l'enfance : influence des différents types de garde sur le développement de l'enfant (Report No. RS-2989). Trois-Rivières, Québec: Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières.

   2.8 Government publications

Government publications are generally cited in the same way as books or research reports. The URL is added at the end if the document has been consulted online.

Organisation identified as author (according to example 7.03.31, p. 205)

Name of department or agency. (year). Title: subtitle (Publication no. xxx [if available]). Located at specific URL [if consulted online].
Name of department or agency. (year). Title : subtitle (Publication no xxx [if available]). Place of publication: Publisher. [if consulted on paper].
Public Health Agency of Canada (2007). Canadian Street Youth and Substance Use: Findings from Enhanced Surveillance of Canadian Street Youth, 1999-2003 (Publication no. HP5-23/2007). Retrieved from

Person identified as author (from examples 7.03.33/34, p. 205-206)

Author, A. A. (year). Title: subtitle (Publication no. xxx [if available]). Located on the site of organization xyz: specific URL [if consulted online].
Author, A. A. (year). Title : subtitle (Publication no xxx [si disponible]). Place of publication: Publisher. [if consulted on paper]
Lebeau, A. (2000). Les actions préventives en toxicomanie au Québec : faits et tendances à partir d'études, de bilans, de répertoires et d'inventaires. Retrieved from the Ministère de la santé et des services sociaux website:

3. Dictionaries and encyclopaedias

   3.1 Entry written by an identified author

Author, A. (year). Title of entry. In A. Director and B. Directeur (dir.), Title of work (vol. x, p. xxx-xxx). Place : Publisher.
Halmi, K. A. (2001). Anorexia nervosa. In W. Craighead and C. Nemeroff (Eds.), The Corsini encyclopedia of psychology and behavioral science (vol. 1, pp. 110-111). New York, NY: Wiley.
Note: the model is the same as for book chapters (2.4).

   3.2 Anonymous entry

Anorexia nervosa. (1999). In H. Bloch (ed.), Grand dictionnaire de la psychologie (pp. 61-62). Paris, France: Larousse-Bordas.

   3.3 Online, anonymous entry, no date

Defence. (n.d.). In Dictionnaire Larousse en ligne. Retrieved from

4. Dissertations and theses

General model (electronic)
Author, A. (year). Title of thesis (Degree, University, Place). Found at URL

   4.1 UdeM thesis (paper) (from example 7.05, p. 207)

Lacroix, M. (2001). Fidélité et validité d'un questionnaire de processus décisionnel appliqué à l'abandon scolaire (Unpublished master's thesis). Université de Montréal.
Taillefer, S. S. (2005). Psychological and cognitive components of chronic fatigue syndrome (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Université de Montréal.

   4.2 Electronic version found in Proquest Dissertations & Theses (based on example 7.05.40, p. 208)

Davis, C. H. (2005). Child mediators of interparental conflict and adjustment: A longitudinal study of children of divorce (Doctoral dissertation). Available through ProQuest Dissertations & Theses (3166082)

Note: The number that should appear at the end is the Dissertation/Thesis number in PQDT.

   4.3 Version found on the Web or in an institutional repository (based on example 7.05.41 and 44, p. 208)

Fréchette, M. (2009). Utilisation des suppléments alimentaires chez les athlètes d'élite québécois (Master's thesis, Université de Montréal). Retrieved from

5. Papers presented at congresses or conferences5. Papers presented at congresses or conferences

Proceedings may have been published in various forms: article, book, book chapter or serial monograph. They will then be cited as such, following the corresponding model: 1.1, 1.2 or 1.3 for an article; 2.1 for a book; 2.4 for a chapter; 2.5 for a serial monograph.

If the proceedings have been made available online but do not correspond to any of the above formats, or if they have not been officially published, the following template should be used:

Author, A. (Year, month). Title of paper. Paper or Poster presented at [at] Name of congress or conference, Place. Found at URL
Morin, M.-H.,Clément, M. and Levesque, A. (2015, May). Stepping outside the box: for an inclusive vision of front-line mental health actors and services. Paper presented at the 83rd ACFAS conference, Rimouski, Quebec. Abstract available at
For more information on this subject, see the manual, section 7.04, p. 206-207.

6. Web pages / Documents on the Internet

   6.1 Specific html page within a Web site

Author, A. (year). Title of document. Retrieved from URL
Public Health Agency of Canada (2008). Canadian best practices portal: overview of interventions. Retrieved from
Important notes on the 6th edition :

The title of a document found online is italicized only when the document can be identified as belonging to one of the following document types: book, report, thesis, periodical article. When the type of document cannot be identified as such, the title should not be italicised.
The following documents generally have their title in normal font: specific html pages within websites, blog posts, messages published in forums or discussion lists (see the manual, section 7.11, p. 214-215).
The date of last consultation is no longer indicated, except in the case of articles from Wikipedia or other Wikis (source: When to Include Retrieval Dates for Online Sources, APA Style blog).
Only specify the format [in square brackets] when it is unusual, helps to identify the document or makes it easier to find. In all other cases, it can be omitted. For more information on format, see the manual, p. 186.

   6.2 Book, report or stand-alone PDF document
Author, A. (year). Title of document. Found at URL

   6.3 Wikipedia and other wikis
Entry consulted. (s. d.). In Wik

Entry consulted. (n.d.). In Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved date and year from URL
Milgram experiment. (n.d.). In Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved on December 9, 2014 from
Source : How to Cite Wikipedia in APA Style. APA Style Blog.

   6.4 Blogs                                       

Seraiocco, N. (2014, February 11). Kids who know how to use a tablet, but not a bike [Blog post]. Retrieved from

   6.5 Social networks (Facebook, Twitter, etc.)

Refer to the APA blog:
How to Cite Twitter and Facebook, Part I: General
How to Cite Twitter and Facebook, Part II: Reference List and In-Text Citations

7. Statistical and research data

   7.1 Statistics Canada news releases, publications and studies

Statistics Canada (2011, October 13). Study: Sources of stress for workers 2010. Retrieved from
Ramage-Morin, P. L. and Gilmour, H. (2014, June). Prevalence of migraine in the Canadian household population. Health Reports, 25(6), 11-18. Retrieved from

Note: When a person is identified as the author of a document produced by Statistics Canada, enter this name in the reference. Otherwise, enter Statistics Canada as the author.

   7.2 Research data available online
Author. (year). Title of data [Description/format]. Found at URL

   7.3 Research data not available online
Author. (year). Title of data [Description/format]. Place: Producing organisation.

   7.4 Unpublished, untitled research data
Author. (year). [Description of data]. Unpublished research data.


Management & Prospective (Gestion 2000) 


Updated March 17, 2024 

 Our review does not favour one methodology over another. We therefore expect the same level of scientific rigor for articles adopting a qualitative methodology as for those using a quantitative one. 

To be evaluated, articles based on a qualitative approach must include the following elements: 

I/ Methodology based on interviews or focus groups 

1/ For interviews: interview guide (appended), for focus groups: introductory guidelines and main questions. 

2/ A table with participants' socio-demographic data and interview duration (sessions). 

3/ characterization of the database resulting from the transcriptions of interviews or discussions: number of pages, number of words, lexical density, overall readability, etc. (using software such as Textalizer).

See for example: efficiency_to_resilience 


4/ a detailed description of data coding. 

5/ an explanation of how the data was processed: a semantic tree appended, for example (capture from NVivo or another software program). Providing a table of the themes or verbatims that emerged from the analysis is not enough.  

II/ Case studies 

Preliminary remark: referring to Yin (2013) or other authors is not a sufficient justification.  

First of all, the case study methodology and its form (single or multiple cases) must be justified. It is important to show that the case or cases chosen are appropriate to the research question. This choice must allow for comparability. In the case of a single case, comparability over time or in relation to a particular event (before and after a crisis, for example) is essential. Secondly, data collection must guarantee triangulation and data saturation.  

Finally, the methodology is similar to that of interviews, which is quite logical since case studies generally involve interviews. It is therefore essential to : 

1/ describe the database (number of images, number of words, lexical density, overall readability) using software such as Textalizer. 

2/ provide a detailed explanation of data coding. 

3/ show in concrete terms how the data has been processed, for example by providing an appended semantic tree (capture from NVivo or another software program). Providing a table of the themes or verbatims that emerged from the analysis is not sufficient.  

Please check that these elements are included in your submission, either in the body of the text or as an appendix.  

The Management & Prospective editorial board. 


Each issue of Management & Prospective typically has a 'Viewpoint' article, which is not peer-reviewed but invited personnally by the editors.

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